Monday, December 5, 2011

Abrahamica: Bibliography (revised)

Adkins, Lesley. Empires of the Plain: Henry Rawlinson and the Lost Languages of Babylon. New York: St. Martin's Press, 2003.

Afary, Janet. Sexual Politics in Modern Iran. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2009.

Ahmed, Leila. Women and Gender in Islam: Historical Roots of a Modern Debate. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1992.

Alt, Albrecht, “Die Ursprünge des israelitischen Rechts” (1934); available in English translation in his book Essays on Old Testament History and Religion. New York: Doubleday, 1968, pp. 101-71.

Anderson, Irvine. Biblical Interpretation and Middle East Policy: The Promised Land, America, and Israel, 1917-2002. Tallahassee: University Press of Florida, 2005.

Armstrong, Karen. Muhammad: A Biography of the Prophet. San Francisco: HarperCollins, 1991.

---. Muhammad: A Prophet for Our Time. New York: HarperCollins, 2006.

Asbridge, Thomas. The Crusades: The Authoritative History of the War for the Holy Land. New York: Ecco Press, 2010.

Assmann, Jan. Moses the Egyptian: The Memory of Egypt in Western Monotheism. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1997.

---. The Price of Monotheism. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 2010.

Auerbach, Erich, Mimesis: The Representation of Reality in Western Literature, Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1953.

Avalos, Hector. Fighting Words: The Origins Of Religious Violence. Buffalo: Prometheus, 2005.

Bailey, D. S. Homosexuality and the Western Christian Tradition. London: Longmans, 1955.

Barber, Charles. Figure and Likeness: On the Limits of Representation in Byzantine Iconoclasm. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2002.

Barnstone, Willis, ed. The Restored New Testament: A New Translation with Commentary, Including the Gnostic Gospels Thomas, Mary, and Judas. New York: Norton, 2009.

Barr, James. The Semantics of Biblical Language. New York: Oxford University Press, 1961.

---. Biblical Words for Time. London: SCM Press,1962.

Bauer, Walter. A Greek-English Lexicon of the New Testa- ment and Other Early Christian Literature, 3rd Edition. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2001.

Becking, Bob, Marjo C. A. Korpel, Karel J. Meindert Dijkstra, and H. Vriezen, eds. One God?: Monotheism in Ancient Israel and the Veneration of the Goddess Asherah. Sheffield: Sheffield Academic Press, 2002.

Beinart, Haim. The Expulsion of the Jews from Spain. Oxford: Littman Library of Jewish Civilization, 2002.

Belting, Hans. Likeness and Presence: A History of the Image before the Era of Art. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1997.

Berger, MIchael S. Rabbinic Authority: The Authority of the Talmudic Sages. New York: Oxford University Press, 1998.

Berman, Harold J. Law and Revolution: The Formation of the Western Legal Tradition. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1983.

---. Law and Revolution II: The Impact of the Protestant Reformation on the Western Legal Tradition. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 2003.

Bernstein, Alan E. The Formation of Hell: Death and Retribution in the Ancient and Early Christian Worlds. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1993.

Besançon, Alain. The Hidden Image. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2001.

Biran, Avraham. "'David' Found at Dan." Biblical Archaeology Review, 20:2 (1994): 26-39.

Black, Jeremy, Graham Cunningham, Eleanor Robinson, and Gábor Zólnomi. The Literature of Ancient Sumer. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2004.

Boman, Thorleif. Hebrew Thought Compared with Greek. New York: Norton, 1970.

Bostom, Andrew C., ed. The Legacy of Jihad: Islamic Holy War and the Fate of Non-Muslims. Amherst, NY: Prometheus Books, 2005.

Bowen, John R. “Private Arrangements: ‘Recognizing Sharia’ in England,” Boston Review, March-April, 2009 (

Bowersock, Glenn W. Roman Arabia. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1983.

Boyer, Paul. When Time Shall Be No More: Prophecy Belief in Modern American Culture. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1992.

Brenner, Athalya, ed. A Feminist Companion to Reading the Bible: Approaches, Methods and Strategies. London: Routledge, 2001.

Brooten, Bernadette. J. Love Between Women: Early Christian Responses to Female Homoeroticism. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1996.

Brown, Scott G. Mark's Other Gospel. Waterloo, Ont. Wilfred Laurier University Press, 2005.

Bryer, Anthony, and Judith Herrin, eds. Iconoclasm. Birmingham: Centre for Byzantine Studies, University of Birmingham, 1977.

Buckley, Susan L. Teachings on Usury in Judaism, Christianity, and Islam, Lewiston, ME: Edwin Mellen Press, 2001.

Budin,  Stephanie Lynn, The Myth of Sacred Prostitution in Antiquity, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2008

Camille, Michael. The Gothic Idol: Ideology and Image-Making in Medieval Art. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1989.

Carlson, Stephen C. The Gospel Hoax. Waco: Baylor University Press, 2005.

Carpenter, Mark. "A Synopsis of the Development of Trinitarian Thought From the First Century Church Fathers to the Second Century Apologists," Trinity Journal, 26.2 (Fall 2005): 293-319.

Carr, Matthew. Blood and Faith: The Purging of Muslim Spain. New York: New Press, 2009.

Chilton, Bruce. Rabbi Jesus: An Intimate Portrait. New York: Doubleday, 2000.

Cohen, H. Hirsch. The Drunkenness of Noah. University, AL: University of Alabama Press, 1974.

Cohn, Norman. Pursuit of the Millennium: Revolutionary Messianism in Medieval and Reformation Europe and Its Bearing on Modern Totalitarian Movements. London: Macmillan, 1957.

Coriden, James A. An Introduction to Canon Law. Revised ed. Mahwah, NJ: Paulist Press, 2004.

Cross, Frank Moore. Canaanite Myth and Hebrew Epic. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1973.

Cullmann, Oscar. Christ and Time. London: SCM, 1966.

Curtius, Ernst Robert. European Literature and the Latin Middle Ages. New ed. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1990.

Dallal, Ahmad. Islam, Science and the Challenge of History. New Haven: Yale University Press, 2010.

Davies, W D. The Gospel and the Land: Early Christianity and Jewish Territorial Doctrine. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1974.

DeConick, April D. The Thirteenth Apostle: What the Gospel of Judas Really Says. London: Continuum, 2007 [1st ed.]; 2009 [rev. ed.])

Destremau, Christian, and Jean Moncelon, Louis Massignon. Paris: Plon, 1994.

Dever, William G. Dever. Did God Have a Wife?: Archaeology and Folk Religion in Ancient Israel. Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans, 2005.

---. What Did the Biblical Writers Know and When Did They Know It? Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans, 2001.

---. Who Were the Israelites and Where Did They Come From? Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans, 2003.

Douglas, Mary. Purity and Danger: An Analysis of the Concepts of Pollution and Taboo. London: Routledge, 1963.

Drinkwater, Gregg, Joshua Lessser, and David Shneer, eds. Torah Queeries: Weekly Commentaries on the Hebrew Bible. New York: New York University Press, 2009.

Ehrman, Bart D. Misquoting Jesus: The Story Behind Who Changed the Bible and Why. San Francisco: HarperCollins, 2005.

---.  Did Jesus Exist? The Historical Argument for Jesus of Nazareth. New York: HarperCollins, 2012.

Eire, Carlos. War against the Idols: The Reformation of Worship from Erasmus to Calvin. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1989.

Elliott, J. K. The Apocryphal New Testament. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1993.

El-Rouayheb, Khaled, Before Homosexuality in the Arab–Islamic World, 1500–1800. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2009.

Emerson, Richard K. and Bernard McGinn, eds. The Apocalypse in the Middle Ages. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1992.

Esposito, John L. What Everyone Needs to Know About Islam. New York: Oxford University Press, 2002.

--- Islam: The Straight Path. Third ed. New York: Oxford University Press, 2004.

--- The Future of Islam. New York: Oxford University Press, 2010.

Esposito, John L., ed. The Oxford History of Islam. New York: Oxford University Press, 2004.

Ferguson, Everett. Baptism in the Early Church: History, Theology, and Liturgy in the First Five Centuries. Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans, 2009.

Fernández Marcos, Natalio. The Septuagint in Context: Introduction to the Greek Versions of the Bible. Boston and Leiden: Brill, 2001.

Fernández-Morera, Dario. “The Myth of the Andalusian Paradise,” Intercollegiate Review (Fall 2006), 23-31.

Foster, Benjamin R. Before the Muses: An Anthology of Akkadian Literature. Third ed., Bethesda, MD: CDL Press, 2005.

Filiu, Jean-Pierre. L’Apocalypse dans l’Islam, Paris: Fayard, 2008.

Fine, Stephen. Art and Judaism in the Greco-Roman World: Toward a New Jewish Archaeology. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2005.

Finkelstein, Israel, and Silberman, Neil A. The Bible Unearthed. New York: Simon and Schuster, 2001.

Fox, Michael V. The Song of Songs and the Ancient Egyptian Love Songs. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 1985.

Freedberg, David. Iconoclasts and Their Motives. Maarsen: Gary Schwartz, 1985.

---. The Power of Images: Studies in the History and Theory of Response. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1989.

Funk, Robert, ed. The Five Gospels: What Did Jesus Really Say? The Search for the Authentic Words of Jesus. San Francisco: Harper, 1999.

Gamboni, Dario. The Destruction of Art: Iconoclasm and Vandalism since the French Revolution. London: Reaktion Books, 2007.

Gillispie, Charles C. Genesis and Geology: A Study of the Relations of Scientific Thought, Natural Theology, and Social Opinion in Great Britain, 1790-1850. (Harvard Historical Studies, vol. 58.) New ed. with preface by Nicolaas Rupke. Cambridge: Harvard University Press,1996.

Ginzberg, Louis. The Legends of the Jews. Vol. 1. New ed. Philadelphia: Jewish Publication Society of America, 1968.

Girard, René, Violence and the Sacred. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1977.

Glick, Leonard B. Marked in Your Flesh: Circumcision from Ancient Judea to Modern America. New York: Oxford University Press, 2006.

Goldenberg, David M. The Curse of Ham: Race and Slavery in Early Judaism, Christianity, and Islam. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2003.

Goodenough, Erwin R. Jewish Symbols in the Greco-Roman Period. 13 vols. New York: Pantheon, 1953-68.

Grabar, André. L’iconoclasme byzantin: le dossier archéologique. New ed. Paris: Flammarion, 1984.

Grabar, Oleg. The Formation of Islamic Art. Second ed. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1987.

Grant, Robert M., and David Tracy. A Short History of the Interpretation of the Bible. Minneapolis: Augsburg Fortress, 1988.

Greenberg, Steven. Wrestling with God and Men: Homosexuality in the Jewish Tradition. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 2005.

Guest, Daryn, Robert E. Goss, Mona West, and Thomas Bohache, eds. The Queer Bible Commentary. London: SCM, 2006.

Habib, Samar. Arabo-Islamic Texts on Female Homosexuality, 850-1789 A. D. Youngstown, NY: Teneo Press, 2009.

---. Female Homosexuality in the Middle East: Histories and Representations. London: Routledge, 2009.

---. Islam and Homosexuality. 2 vols. New York: Praeger, 2009.

Hallaq, Wael B. Shari'a: Theory, Practice, Transformations. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2009.

Hallo, William W., and K. Lawson Younger, Jr. eds. The Context of Scripture [COS]. 3 vols. Leiden and Boston: Brill, 2003.

Harpigny, Guy. Islam et christianisme selon Louis Massignon. Louvain-la-Neuve: Université Catholique de Louvain, 1981.

Hesse, Eva. Ezra Pound Usura Cantos XLV und LI. Zurich: Arche, 1985.

Hodge, Jonathan, and Gregory Radick, eds.. The Cambridge Companion to Darwin. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2003.

Hoffmann, R. Joseph. The Just War and Jihad: Violence in Judaism, Christianity, and Islam. Amherst, NY: Prometheus Books, 2006.

Hopper, Vincent Foster. Medieval Number Symbolism: Its Sources, Meaning, and Influence on Thought and Expression. New York: Columbia University Press, 1938.

Horner, Tom. Jonathan Loved David: Homosexuality in Biblical Times. Philadelphia: Westminster, 1978.

Ibn Warraq. Why I Am Not a Muslim. Amherst, N.Y. Prometheus Books, 1995.

Ibn Warraq, ed. The Origins of the Koran: Classic Essays on Islam’s Holy Book. Amherst, N.Y.: Prometheus Books, 1998.

---. The Quest for the Historical Muhammad. Amherst, N.Y. Prometheus Books, 2000.

---. What the Koran Really Says: Language, Text, and Commentary. Amherst, N.Y.: Prometheus Books, 2002.

Jeffery, Arthur. The Foreign Vocabulary of the Qur'an (Texts and Studies on the Quran). New ed. Leiden: Brill, 2006.

Jeffery, Peter. The Secret Gospel of Mark Unveiled, Yale University Press, 2006.

Jones, David W. Reforming the Morality of Usury: A Study of Differences That Separated the Protestant Reformers. Lanham, MD: University Press of America, 2004.

Karsch, Efraim. Islamic Imperialism: A History. New Haven: Yale University Press, 2006.

Keel, Othmar, and Christoph Uelinger. Gods, Goddesses, and Images of God in Ancient Israel. Minneapolis: Fortress Press, 1998.

Kirsch, Jonathan. God against the Gods: The History of the War between Monotheism and Polytheism. New York: Viking, 2004.

Kissinger, Ernst. “The Cult of Images in the Age before Iconoclasm,” Dumbarton Oaks Papers, 8 (1954), 85-150.

Kittel, Gerhard (with Gerhard Friedrich). Theological Dictionary of the New Testament. Translated by Geoffrey W. Bromiley. Ten vols. Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans, 1964-76.Sanders, E. P., and Margaret Davies. Studying the Synoptic Gospels. Valley Forge, PA: Trinity Press International, 1989.

Küng, Hans. Judaism: Between Yesterday and Tomorrow. New York: Crossroad, 1992.

---. Christianity: Essence, History, and Future. New York: Continuum, 1994.

---. Islam: Past, Present, and Future. Oxford: Oneworld, 2007.

Landes, Richard, Andrew Gow, and David Van Meter. The Apocalyptic Year 1000: Religious Expectation and Social Change, 950-1050. New York: Oxford University Press, 2003.

Le Goff, Jacques. The Birth of Purgatory. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1984.

---. Your Money or Your Life: Economy and Religion in the Middle Ages. Translated by Patricia Ranum. New York: Zone Books, 1988.

Lemche, Niels P. The Israelites in History and Tradition. London: SPCK; and Louisville, Ky. : Westminster John Knox Press, 1988.

Lichtheim, Miriam. Ancient Egyptian Literature. 3 vols. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1975-80.

Lloyd, Seton. Foundations in the Dust: The Story of Mesopotamian Exploration. Second ed. London: Thames and Hudson, 1980.

Luxenberg, Christoph. The Syro-Aramaic Reading of the Koran: A Contribution to the Decoding of the Language of the Koran. Berlin: Verlag Hans Schiler, 2007.

Mack, Burton L. The Lost Gospel: The Book of Q and Christian Origins. San Francisco: Harper, 1993.

Makdisi, George. The Rise of Colleges: Institutions of Learning in Islam and the West. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 1981.

Martin, Dale B. Sex and the Single Savior: Gender and Sexuality in Biblical Interpretation. Louisville: Westmister John Knox, 2006.

Massad, Joseph. Desiring Arabs. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2007.

McDonald, Lee Martin, and James A. Sanders. The Canon Debate. Gaithersburg, MD: Hendrickson Publishing, 2002.

McGinn, Bernard. Anti-Christ: Two Thousand Years of Human Fascination with Evil. San Francisco: Harper, 1994.

McGinn, Bernard, ed.. Visions of the End: Apocalyptic Traditions in the Middle Ages. New York: Columbia University Press, 1979.

McNeill, John J. The Church and the Homosexual. Kansas City, KN: Sheed, Andrews and McMeel, 1976

Meyer, Marvin, ed. The Nag Hammadi Scriptures. New York: Harper, 2009.

Miller, Edward. The Influence of Gesenius on Hebrew Lexicography. New York: Columbia University Press, 1927.

Minois, Georges, Le traité des trois imposteurs: histoire d'un livre blasphématoire qui n'existait pas. Paris: Albin Michel, 2009.

Muller, Jerry Z. Capitalism and the Jews. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2010.

Murray, Stephen O., and Will Roscoe (eds.). Islamic Homosexualities: Culture, History, and Literature. New York: NYU Press, 1997.

Nelson, Benjamin. The Idea of Usury: From Tribal Brotherhood to Universal Otherhood. Second ed. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1969

Nevo, Yehuda D., and Judith Koren. Crossroads to Islam: The Origins of the Arab Religion and the Arab State. Amherst, N.Y.:Prometheus Books, 2004.

Newsom, Carol A., and Sharon H. Ringe, eds. The Women's Bible Commentary. Second ed. Louisville: Westminster John Knox, 1998.

Nicolson, Ernest. The Pentateuch in the Twentieth Cen- tury: The Legacy of Julius Wellhausen. New York: Ox- ford University Press, 2003.

Nissinen, Martti. Homoeroticism in the Biblical World: A Historical Perspective. Minneapolis: Augsburg Fortress, 1998.

Noonan, John T. A Church That Can and Cannot Change. Notre Dame: Notre Dame University Press, 2005.

---. The Scholastic Analysis of Usury. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1957, Noth, Martin, Ueberlieferungsgeschichtliche Studien, 1943; English transla tion as The Deuteronomistic History, Sheffield, 1981, and The Chronic ler's History, Sheffield, 1987.

Ohlig, Karl-Heinz, and Gerd R.-Puin, eds. The Hidden Origins of Islam: New Research Into Its Early History. Amherst, N.Y.: Prometheus Books, 2010.

Paper, Jordan. The Deities Are Many: A Polytheistic Theology (S U N Y Series in Religious Studies). Binghamton: State University of New York Press, 2005.

Pappe, Ilan. The Ethnic Cleansing of Palestine. Oxford: Oneworld, 2006.

Pardee, Dennis. Ritual and Cult at Ugarit. Atlanta: Society of Biblical Literature, 2002.

Parrinder, Geoffrey. Jesus in the Qur’an. Oxford: One World, 1995.

Patai, Raphael. Family, Love and the Bible. London: McGibbon and Kee, 1960.

---. The Hebrew Goddess. New York: KTAV, 1967.

Penchansky, David. Twilight of the Gods: Polytheism in the Hebrew Bible. Louisville: Westminster John Knox, 2005.

Peters, Francis E. The Children of Abraham: Judaism, Christianity, Islam, Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1982.

Price, Robert M. The Incredible Shrinking Son of Man: How Reliable Is the Gospel Tradition? Amherst, NY: Prometheus Books, 2003.

Pritchard, James D., ed. Ancient Near Eastern Texts Relating to the Old Testament [ANET], Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1950, third ed., 1969.

Prothero, Stephen. God Is Not One: The Eight Rival Religions That Run the World--and Why Their Differences Matter. NewYork: Harper, 2010.

Redford, Donald B. "The Monotheism of the Heretic Pharaoh: Precursor of Mosaic Monotheism or Egyptian Anomaly?" Biblical Archaeology Review, May-June, 1987.

---. Egypt, Canaan, and Israel in Ancient Times, Princeton: Princeton University Press 1992.

Reynolds, Gabriel Said, ed. The Qur’an in Its Historical Context. London: Routledge, 2007.

---. The Qur’an and Its Biblical Subtext. London: Routledge, 2010.

Richards, Jeffrey. Sex, Dissidence and Damnation: Minority Groups in the Middle Ages. London and New York: Routledge, 1990.

Riley-Smith, Jonathan. The Crusades, Christianity, and Islam. New York: Columbia University Press, 2008.

Rowland, Christopher. The Open Heaven: A Study of Apocalyptic in Judaism and Early Christianity. London: SPCK, 1982.

Rowson, Everett K., and J. W. Wright (eds.). Homoeroticism in Classical Arabic Literature. New York: Columbia University Press, 1997.

Roth, Martha T. Law Collections from Mesopotamia and Asia Minor by Martha T. Roth ; with a contribution by Harry A. Hoffner, Jr. Second ed. Atlanta Scholars Press, 1997.

Runciman, Sir Steven. A History of the Crusades. 3 vols. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1951-54.

Russell, D. S. The Method and Message of Jewish Apocalyptic. London: SCM, 1964.

Sand, Shlomo. The Invention of the Jewish People. London: Verso, 2009.

Sanders, E. P., and Margaret Davies. Studying the Synoptic Gospels. London: SCM Press, 1989.

Schäfer, Peter. Jesus in the Talmud. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2007.

Schmitt, Arno. Bio-Bibliography of Male-male sexuality and Eroticism in Muslim Societies. Berlin: Verlag rosa Winkel, 1985.

Schmitt, Arno, and Gianni de Martino. Kleine Schriften zu zwischenmännl cher Sexualität und Erotik in der muslimischen Gesellschaft. Berlin: Selbstverlag, 1985.

Schmitt, Arno, and Jehoeda Sofer (eds.). Sexuality and Eroticism Among Males in Moslem Societies. Binghamton, NY: Harrington Park Press, 1992.

Schwartz, Regina. The Curse of Cain: The Violent Legacy of Monotheism. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1997.

Scroggs, Robin. The New Testament and Homosexuality. Philadelphia: Fortress Press, 1983.

Segal, Alan F. Life after Death: A History of the Afterlife in Western Religion. New York: Doubleday, 2004.

Sora, Steven. Treasures from Heaven: Relics From Noah's Ark to the Shroud of Turin. New York: Wiley, 2005.

Spencer, Robert, ed. The Myth of Islamic Tolerance: How Islamic Law Treats Non-Muslims. Amherst, NY: Prometheus Books, 2005.

Schweitzer, Albert. The Quest of the Historical Jesus. New edition. Minneapolis: Fortress Press, 2001 [following the revised German edition of 1913].

Silbermann, Neil Asher, The Bible Unearthed: Archaeology's New Vision of Ancient Israel and the Origin of Its Sacred Texts. New York: Free Press, 2002.

Smith, Mark S. The Origins of Biblical Monotheism: Israel's Polytheistic Background and the Ugaritic Texts. New York: Oxford University Press, 2001.

---. The Early History of God: Yahweh and the Other Deities in Ancient Israel. New ed. Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans, 2002.

Smith, Morton. Clement of Alexandria and a Secret Gospel of Mark. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1973.

Soler, Jean. La violence monothéiste. Paris: Editions de Fallois, 2008.

Spencer, Robert, ed. The Myth of Islamic Tolerance: How Islamic Law Treats Non-Muslims. Amherst, NY: Prometheus Books, 2005.

Sperling, S. David. The Original Torah: Political Intent of the Bible's Writers. New York: NYU Press, 2003.

Spiegel, Shalom, The Last Trial, New York: Schocken, 1967.

Stavrakopoulou, Francesca. Land of Our Fathers: The Roles of Ancestor Veneration in Biblical Land Claims (Library of Hebrew Bible/Old Testament Studies). Edinburgh: T and T. Clark, 2010.

Stehliing, Thomas, trans., Medieval Poems of Male Love and Friendship. New York: Garland, 1984.

Stowasser, Barbara Freyer. Women in the Qur'an, Traditions, and Interpretation. New York: Oxford University Press, 1994.

Thompson, Thomas L. The Bible in History: How Writers Create a Past. London. 1999.

---. The Early History of the Israelite People: From the Written and Archaeological Sources. Leiden and New York: Brill, 1992.

---. The Mythic Past: Biblical Archaeology and the Myth of Israel. New York: Basic Books, 1999.

Torrance, Thomas F. The Trinitarian Faith: The Evangelical Theology of the Ancient Catholic Church, Edinburgh: T & T Clark, 1988.

---. The Christian Doctrine of God, One Being Three Persons, Edinburgh: T & T Clark, 1996.

Toulmin, Stephen, and June Goodfield. The Discovery of Time. Chicago: Chicago University Press, 1965.

Trachtenberg, Joshua. Jewish Magic and Superstition. New ed. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2004.

van de Mieroop, Marc. The Ancient Mesopotamian City. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1997.

Van Seters, John. Abraham in History and Tradition. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1975.

Wainwright, Arthur F. The Trinity in the New Testament, London: SPCK, 1962.

Walker, D. P. The Decline of Hell: Seventeenth-Century Discussions of Eternal Torment. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1964.

Warnke, Martin, ed. Bildersturm: Die Zerstörung des Kunstwerks. Munich: Carl Hanser Verlag, 1973.

Webb, Diana. Medieval European Pilgrimage, C. 700 - C. 1500. London: Palgrave Macmillan, 2002.

Weiss, Johannes. Jesus' Proclamation of the Kingdom of God. Atlanta: Scholars Press, 1985.

Whitaker, Brian. Unspeakable Love: Gay and Lesbian Life in the Middle East. Berkeley: University of California Press. 2006.

Wright, Robert. The Evolution of God. New York: Little, Brown, 2009.

Yuval, Israel Jacob. Two Nations in Your Womb: Perceptions of Jews and Christians in Late Antiquity and the Middle Ages. Berkeley: University of California Press, 2006 (English translation of a Hebrew original of 2000).

Zevit, Ziony. The Religions of Ancient Israel: A Synthesis of Parallel Approaches. London and New York: Continuum, 2001.

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